Can Macaws Eat Mushrooms? (Avian Vet Reviewed)

Last Updated on December 22, 2023 by Ali Shahid

The question of whether Macaws can eat mushrooms has sparked debates among bird lovers and experts. It’s essential to understand what these colorful and smart birds need in their diet to keep them healthy.

Macaws, like any pets, depend on their caregivers to give them a well-rounded and healthy diet. However, the issue with mushrooms isn’t as clear-cut. Some say certain mushrooms are safe for macaws, while others caution against potential risks and toxicity.

This article aims to explore this topic, offering you detailed information to help you make informed decisions about what to feed your macaw.

Can Macaws Eat Mushroom

Understanding Macaws’ Natural Diet

Macaws, celebrated for their bright colors and cleverness, naturally enjoy a diverse menu. In their natural habitat, they munch on an array of seeds, nuts, fruits, berries, leaves, and plants, adjusting their diet with the seasons. These birds need more fat than many other feathered friends, often favoring nuts in the wild. 

However, it’s crucial to understand that seeds and nuts shouldn’t be the sole source of nutrition. Seeds lack essential vitamins, minerals, and protein, making up only a small part of a wholesome diet. Similarly, nuts, with their high-fat content, shouldn’t be the exclusive food choice.

For the optimal health of macaws, a balanced and varied diet is key. Fresh fruits and veggies play a vital role, providing necessary vitamins, minerals, and fiber. A well-rounded diet, including an assortment of fresh produce, nuts, seeds, and top-notch pellets, supplies the essential nutrients. 

This not only boosts their immune system but also supports proper growth, and maintains healthy skin, feathers, and internal organs.

The impact of a well-balanced diet on a macaw’s lifespan and overall well-being is significant. When these birds get all the essential nutrients from a diverse diet, the risk of nutritional deficiencies decreases. This, in turn, helps maintain a robust immune system, reducing the likelihood of various health issues.

Mushrooms and Macaws: The Controversy

The question of whether macaws can munch on mushrooms has stirred up debates among bird lovers and experts. The discussion revolves around the limited scientific agreement and information on the topic. 

While mushrooms are a familiar food for us humans, their safety for birds, especially parrots like macaws, isn’t well-established. Some sources caution that even mushrooms safe for us after cooking might be risky for parrots due to potential toxins humans can handle but parrots cannot. 

On the flip side, some argue that certain mushrooms, like the common white or brown button ones, are safe for parrots when cooked.

Yet, the lack of solid scientific data makes it tricky to reach a definite conclusion. The only scientific source found addresses mushrooms gathered from the wild, emphasizing that unless a qualified expert can confirm a mushroom is non-toxic, those from yards, lawns, parks, and forests shouldn’t be given to pet exotic birds. 

Faced with this uncertainty, many bird owners and experts take a cautious stance, opting not to feed mushrooms to their feathered friends at all. This cautious approach stems from the potential risk of mushroom poisoning, whether the mushrooms are raw or cooked.

Potential Risks of Feeding Mushrooms to Macaws

Feeding macaw mushrooms comes with various risks because some mushrooms carry toxins, and it’s tricky to tell which ones are safe and which are harmful.

Toxins in Mushrooms and How They Affect Macaws

Certain mushrooms have toxins that can be dangerous or even deadly for macaws. While some mushrooms, like buttons, cremini, and portobello, are okay for people to eat, they might still have toxins that can harm parrots. These toxins can lead to problems with digestion, liver issues, and, in severe cases, death in macaws.

The Challenge of Telling Safe from Poisonous Mushrooms

Even experts find it hard to identify which mushrooms are safe and which are poisonous. Some toxic mushrooms look very similar to ones we can eat, making it tough to tell the difference. This creates a big risk when giving macaws mushrooms because consuming a toxic one can seriously harm their health.

Macaws’ Natural Instinct to Steer Clear of Mushrooms

In their natural habitat, macaws might naturally avoid mushrooms because of their potential danger. This instinct suggests that mushrooms might not be a suitable part of a macaw’s diet, as they might not have evolved to eat them safely.

Safe Mushroom Varieties for Macaws

Certain mushrooms, like button, cremini, portobello, and porcini, are considered safe for macaws. But it’s crucial to cook them thoroughly before giving them to the birds. Cooking is important because it gets rid of potential toxins. 

Even mushrooms safe for us, like agaritine, hydrazine, and formaldehyde, can be harmful to parrots. Boiling these mushrooms helps eliminate these harmful substances, making them safer for macaws to eat.

Importance of Cooking Mushrooms

Cooking mushrooms not only makes them easier to digest but also gets rid of potential toxins. Some types of mushrooms, like button mushrooms, have compounds that can be harmful, but these decrease after cooking. Mushrooms are like sponges and can soak up toxins from their surroundings, like pollutants or harmful chemicals in the soil or air. 

Cooking helps get rid of these absorbed toxins, making the mushrooms safer for macaws to eat. However, even after cooking, a small amount of harmful stuff might still be there. So, it’s always wise to be cautious and talk to a vet before introducing any new food, including mushrooms, into your macaw’s diet.

Alternative Foods for Macaws

Macaws require a balanced and varied diet to maintain their health and longevity. Here is a list of safe and nutritious foods for macaws, including fruits, vegetables, seeds, and nuts:


  • Bananas
  • Oranges
  • Tangerines
  • Apples
  • Pears
  • Strawberries
  • Apricots
  • Pineapple
  • Blackberries
  • Mulberries
  • Lemons
  • Dates
  • Raspberries
  • Grapefruit
  • Blueberries
  • Kiwi fruit
  • Melon
  • Peaches


  • Zucchini
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Butternut squash
  • Carrots
  • Corn
  • Spinach
  • Beets
  • Asparagus
  • Bell peppers
  • Broccoli
  • Dandelion greens
  • Pumpkin
  • Artichoke
  • Endive
  • Green beans
  • Collard greens

Seeds and Nuts

  • Sunflower seeds (in moderation)
  • Peanuts
  • Macadamia nuts
  • Brazil nuts
  • Pine nuts
  • Almonds
  • Hazelnuts
  • Cashews
  • Pecans
  • Pistachios

Maintaining a balanced diet is essential for the health and well-being of your macaw, contributing to their longevity. Including foods packed with vitamins and minerals can positively impact their lifespan. 

A diet comprising a mix of fresh fruits, veggies, nuts, seeds, and top-notch pellets aids in bolstering their immune system, fostering proper growth, and sustaining the health of their skin, feathers, and internal organs. Providing this varied and balanced diet can contribute to a longer and healthier life for your macaw.


Determining if macaws can eat mushrooms isn’t straightforward, as there’s no clear answer due to a lack of agreement in the scientific community. We’ve looked into the natural diet of macaws, including seeds, nuts, fruits, and veggies. 

The debate on macaws eating mushrooms involves potential risks like toxins in certain mushrooms and the challenge of telling safe from harmful types. While some mushrooms, like buttons, cremini, portobello, and porcini, may be safe if cooked properly, the associated risks make it a debated topic. As an alternative, we’ve suggested a list of safe and nutritious foods, stressing the importance of a diverse diet for macaw health.

Given the potential risks and the lack of agreement in the scientific community, it’s wise to consult a vet or avian expert before adding mushrooms or any new food to your macaw’s diet. This ensures you’re offering a diet that supports your macaw’s health and well-being. is the best resource about parrot health online.


  • Ali Shahid

    Ali Shahid is a veterinarian by profession and an animal lover. He loves to give expert opinions about different animals. He has worked in top organization of birds like Bigbird Feed and Poultry Research institute. He loves birds, especially parrots and has great experience in different parrot farms.

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