Golden Conure (Everything You Need to Know)

Last Updated on May 19, 2023 by Ali Shahid

Golden conure also known as Queen of Bavaria Conure, or golden parakeet is a small, rare, beautiful bird native to the forests of northern Brazil. It is known for its striking yellow plumage and its distinctively loud call.

With its captivating beauty, the golden conure has become increasingly popular among bird enthusiasts. However, it is not an easy pet to care for due to its specific needs.

In this article, I will explore all aspects of this species so you can decide if it is the right pet for you.

Brief Overview of Golden Conures
Scientific NameGuaruba guarouba
Common NamesGolden conure, golden parakeet, Queen of Bavaria conure,  golden parrot, yellow conure
Size14 Inches
Weight8.8-9.5 0Z
PersonalityCurios, Active and Social
CallsLoud screeching calls
Breeding Age3 Years
Clutch Size3-4 eggs
DietVegetables, sprouts, fruits, nuts, and seeds.
Lifespan20-30 Years in Captivity
ICUN StatusVulnerable

Origin and History of Golden Conure

The golden conure can only be found in an area south of the Amazon River in northern Brazil. Despite their attractive and glowing color, golden conures remain difficult to observe in the wild because of their non-social nature and inability to form flocks.

Thus, it is relatively unknown how they live in the wild. The species is believed to be nomadic, with a unique pattern of movement.

This includes moving from low-humidity land to high-tree-cover land (terra firma) after which they move to breeding areas (open areas for cultivation in the forest). 

Since 1975, this species has been listed as an endangered species, making it difficult to see them due to their small population. A few years ago, it was generally accepted that fewer than 3,000 golden conures remained.

However, according to an update released by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature in 2016, this figure was understated. A population of between 6,600 and 13,400 birds is now believed to exist.

Even so, fears of the bird’s extinction have not been alleviated by this realization. Habitat destruction and illegal trapping, including taking babies from their nests, are believed to be contributing factors to the decline of the population.

Breeders who specialize in this species place a high priority on captive breeding programs rather than selling them as pets.

Appearance and Color Markings

Golden conures possess large heads and beaks. It is very similar to

macaws. That is why they are often confused with macaws. But it is easy to distinguish the conure from a macaw. Golden conures have shorter tails than macaws.

The Golden Conure, also known as the Queen of Bavaria Conure, is a medium-sized parrot native to Brazil. This beautiful bird has bright yellow feathers on its head and body, with a light green tinge on its wings and tail.

It also has blue spots near its eyes and a black beak. The yellow plumage of

juvenile golden conures is spotted with green speckles. When they mature, the plumage gradually changes to yellow.


The Golden Conure is an active bird that loves to climb and explore. They are known to be very social creatures, which makes them great companions for people who enjoy having pet birds in their homes.

Due to their overwhelming curiosity about the world around them, I recommend closely supervising them whenever they are outside of their cages.

The Golden Conure is also quite vocal, making it easy to enjoy their company even when they are not visible. They love playing with toys and interacting with people through activities such as talking or singing.

For golden conures, feather plucking is often a sign of neglect or boredom, but research says stress is a leading cause of this self-destructive behavior. Studies say that it is preventable by providing the bird with a certain amount of freedom and attention.

Nevertheless, golden conures are generally considered to be good pets by their owners. A properly socialized yellow color enjoys cuddling and is receptive to a variety of people, so it is a good choice for households with children.

Most of the time, aggression does not pose a problem, except during breeding season. It can be difficult to train this breed of conure due to its adventurous nature, but they are incredibly loyal once trained.


Golden conures reach sexual maturity when they are around 3 years old. Females typically lay two to three eggs per clutch and the incubation period lasts about 30 days. After hatching, chicks usually fledge after 8 weeks of age.  

The golden parakeet resumes breeding when its chicks are removed from it in captivity. The golden parakeet is born with white down that gradually darkens over time. The wing feathers begin to develop by the third week.

Despite their playful nature, juveniles can become abusive toward their peers. Toucans prey on nestlings, which may explain their social behavior.

Golden Conure Diet

The sight of a golden conure is truly captivating. Its vibrant yellow feathers and inquisitive eyes make it difficult to look away. When it comes to their diet and nutrition, avian vets recommend a varied diet for a golden conure to stay healthy.

Most vets suggest a combination of fresh fruits and vegetables, seeds, nuts, and soft pellets. Pellets provide an important source of vitamins and minerals that are essential for proper growth.

It is also best to offer them some cooked grains like oats or brown rice as an occasional treat. The amount of food they need depends on their age; younger birds may require more than adults.

Aside from food, plenty of fresh water should always be available for them as well. Remember, proper nutrition is key to keeping these beautiful creatures happy and healthy for years to come.

Caring of Golden Conures

When it comes to housing and environment, golden conures need plenty of space in their cage to move around and explore. For this bird, the cage size should be 36 inches long, 24 inches wide, and 66 inches high with a wire spacing of 3/4 inches.

The cage must be made from sturdy material like stainless steel or powder-coated wrought iron, as these birds are quite strong. Many owners report that, because of their increased activity level, they cannot be caged for long periods.

However, they should be supervised when out of their cages due to their high intelligence. Otherwise, they may find themselves in an unwelcome situation. In most cases, they do not fly unless it is necessary, which rarely occurs.

However, they perform many acrobatic feats, including climbing and jumping. To make them feel at home, provide perches for them to play on as well as toys for mental stimulation.

Ensure the room they’re kept in is not too hot or cold, as wild conures live in tropical climates with temperatures ranging from 70-90 degrees Fahrenheit. Additionally, they need access to natural sunlight so they can get their daily dose of Vitamin D.

In captivity, they are not known to fly very much. Water is often a favorite habitat for these birds. Bathing and showering are among their favorite activities.

These are essential for the health of the bird, but they also provide a great deal of enjoyment to the bird.  Providing all these things will ensure your golden conure has a safe and comfortable living environment.

Health and Wellness

There are few health problems associated with these birds, as they are typically quite hardy. When properly cared for, they are generally in good health. The most common cause of health problems is improper care.

Typically, if your bird becomes ill frequently, it is a result of something wrong in its environment. A bird may pick its feathers when it is stressed or bored. It is very similar to the way humans pick at their fingernails.

The situation is not necessarily problematic. However, some birds may go bald if they push the process too far. Additionally, they may experience respiratory difficulties. It may occur as a result of a high humidity level or a low humidity level.

In some birds, respiratory problems are more prevalent than in others. The presence of sinus inflammation and diarrhea can also be observed. 

A poor diet is usually the cause of diarrhea. I have also observed some other conditions in golden conures listed below:

·        Feather Plucking

·        Hemorrhagic conure syndrome

·        Pacheco’s Disease

·        Polyoma Virus 

·        Aspergillosis

·        Proventricular Dilatation Disease

Therefore, regular veterinarian check-ups are important for your pet conure’s overall health. During the visits, the vet will check for signs of malnutrition or any conditions that could be causing discomfort in your bird.

Your vet can also advise you on how to provide your conure with the best diet possible and make sure they get enough exercise and enrichment activities each day.

Additionally, it is important to keep your bird’s cage clean and free from any hazards that may cause injury or infection.

It is also important to pay attention to changes in behavior that could indicate illness or distress in some cases.

Contact your veterinarian right away if you notice anything strange with your feathered friend. They can help you figure out what is wrong and how to help him.


The golden conure is a beautiful and vibrant parrot species that can make a wonderful pet for bird lovers. With proper care, these birds can live for decades and can even be bred in captivity.

The lifespan of the golden conure ranges from 25-30 years with proper care, nutrition, and exercise. These birds should also receive regular vet checkups to ensure they are healthy and happy.

Owners should also provide plenty of space for them to explore as well as toys to keep them entertained.

Frequently Asked Questions

What Are The Average Costs Of Owning A Golden Conure?

The cost of owning a pet bird can vary greatly, depending on the type of bird. Generally speaking, however, golden conures are one of the more expensive pet birds to own. On average, golden conure’s price is about $4000-$8000.

This does not include ongoing costs such as food, toys, and other supplies. You should also plan for regular veterinary check-ups and emergency vet visits, which can add up quickly.

What Is The Ideal Temperature Range For A Golden Conure?

The ideal temperature range for any pet bird should be between 65-80 degrees Fahrenheit. This is especially important when it comes to golden conure, as they are native to warm climates and intolerance to colder temperatures can cause health issues.

What Type Of Toys Are Best For A Golden Conure?

Toys are an important part of any pet bird’s life. For a golden conure, it’s best to choose toys that are sturdy and brightly colored. Toys with bells, mirrors, or chewable items like leather strips can provide the bird with hours of entertainment.

Look for toys made specifically for parrots or large hookbill birds so they can safely enjoy the playtime experience.

How Often Do Golden Conures Need To Be Groomed?

Grooming needs vary depending on the type and breed of bird, but generally speaking, it is a good idea to groom your pet bird at least once a week.

Golden conures in particular require regular grooming to keep their feathers healthy and free of debris, as well as to prevent mats and tangles.

If you have an outdoor aviary, you may need to groom your golden conure more frequently due to exposure to outdoor pollutants.

Where to Buy a Golden Conure

It is difficult to locate these birds. Wild populations are endangered, and breeding in captivity can be difficult. The breeding pattern of these birds is unique in that younger birds assist the adults. In captivity, it may be difficult to achieve this goal.

Globally, including in the U.S., their sales are heavily regulated. It will take you a few steps to obtain one. If the seller is located in another state, he or she will require a permit to sell the bird. In many cases, you’ll have to join a waiting list and find a breeder near you.

Considering that this is an endangered species, captive breeding is more about keeping them alive than making them pets.

Online, you can purchase some birds. However, these animals cannot usually be shipped, so you have to pick them up in person. It is important to keep in mind that these birds can cost thousands of dollars. It is estimated that most of them cost around $7,000, not including travel expenses.


Owning a golden conure is a big responsibility, but it can be very rewarding. Make sure they are in a suitable environment with the right temperature range and that they have toys to play with.

They also require a special diet and should be groomed regularly. It may cost more than other pets, but with the right care, your golden conure can bring you years of joy and companionship.

Overall, if you are willing to commit, owning a golden conure can be one of the most rewarding experiences you could ever have.


Yamashita, Carlos. “Golden Conure (Guaruba guarouba).” AFA Watchbird 30.4: 38-40.

Vilarta, Marcelo Rodrigues, et al. “Reintroduction of the Golden Conure (Guaruba guarouba) in Northern Brazil: Establishing a Population in a Protected Area.” Diversity 13.5 (2021): 198.Sinhorini, Juliana Anaya, Cristiane Schilbach Pizzutto, and Rupert Palme. “ACTH stimulation induced self-mutilation behavior in the golden conure (Guaruba guayaba).” Animals 10.3 (2020): 418.

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