How to Care for a Cockatiel? (Avian Vet Reviewed)

Last Updated on December 28, 2023 by Ali Shahid

Having spent considerable time with these delightful creatures, I can confidently say that cockatiels are a fantastic choice for anyone seeking a friendly and easygoing pet. The delight of a cockatiel’s company comes hand-in-hand with a duty of care. Ensuring their happiness requires a commitment to their dietary needs, environmental cleanliness, ample space, and regular, meaningful social interaction.

However, the joy of having a cockatiel is accompanied by the responsibility of ensuring their well-being. It’s not just about relishing their company; it’s about providing them with the care they deserve. 

This involves maintaining a well-rounded diet, keeping their living space clean and spacious, and investing time in meaningful interactions. When these feathered friends are given the right care, they flourish, turning the experience of having them into something truly gratifying and engaging for any pet owner.  

Aspect of CareDetails
Habitat SizeMinimum 24” L x 24” W x 30” H for a single bird
DietHigh-quality pelleted food, fresh fruits, and vegetables
TemperatureComfortable in 65°F – 80°F, avoid drastic temperature changes
SocializationRequire daily interaction with humans
UV Light ExposureEssential for vitamin D production
PerchesAssorted sizes and materials to maintain foot health
ToysVariety needed for mental stimulation
Food and Water DishesSeparate dishes for dry and fresh food, and water
GroomingRegular bathing, nail trimming by a professional
Veterinary CareAnnual check-ups, watch for signs of illness
CleaningDaily spot-cleaning, weekly change of substrate
How to Care for a Cockatiel?

Understanding Cockatiels

As I have shared my life with these affectionate and clever creatures, I have come to realize that cockatiels are more than just birds; they are companions that thrive on social interaction and attention. These intelligent creatures express their feelings through a range of gestures. When upset, they might nibble or bite, but a calm crest and outstretched wings signal tranquility. 

content cockatiel will sport wide-open eyes and an elevated crest, while fear may manifest as fluttering, screaming, and attempts to flee. Expressing a desire for attention, they may tap objects with their beak or toss things when frustrated. Happiness is conveyed through a wagging tail and a confident approach with your head held high. 

Aggression, on the other hand, is indicated by dilated pupils, a lowered head, ruffled feathers, fanned tail feathers, and hissing. Distinguishing between male and female cockatiels involves observing their behaviors and physical traits. Generally, males exhibit more curiosity and confidence, often engaging in singing and mimicking human words. 

Conversely, females tend to be quieter and more reserved, favoring a sharp “wheep” whistle. Physically, males boast darker body plumage, a yellow face, and vibrant cheek spots, while females showcase lighter body plumage, a brown or gray face, subtle cheek spots, and markings beneath their tail feathers. It’s important to note that individual cockatiels may deviate from these norms, and for accurate sex determination, a DNA test is recommended.

Cockatiel Care Sheet

1. Setting Up the Right Environment

Choosing the Right Enclosure and Its Placement

Setting up a cozy spot for your bird involves some key factors: the cage and where you put it. From my hands-on experience, let me break it down.

The cage’s bar spacing is crucial. Parakeets and cockatiels are comfy with ½-inch spacing, while larger parrots, like Amazons or Macaws, need 1-inch gaps. Where you position the cage matters too. Your bird should spot and interact with family members often but not in a busy part of the house. Having one side against a wall provides a secure feeling, especially in a corner with two walls. Avoid putting the cage in direct sunlight for too long or next to a vent blowing cold air – birds aren’t fans of that.

Importance of Sunlight and Full-Spectrum Light Bulbs

Sunlight is a game-changer for a bird’s overall well-being. It helps with molting, sleeping, and keeping up vitamin levels. However, indoor pet birds often miss out on enough natural light. That’s where full-spectrum lighting comes in. Emitting UVA and UVB light, it mimics sunlight’s benefits. You can regulate this lighting using a timer, keeping your bird’s routine steady and stress-free.

Providing a Variety of Perches of Different Heights, Thickness, and Texture

Perches are like a bird’s multi-tool for standing, climbing, playing, and more. In my experience, varied perch sizes are key for a comfy grip. Natural wood, like manzanita, works wonders. You can find these in stores or use branches from non-toxic trees.

Importance of Toys and Safe Materials for Chewing

Toys are a must for a bird’s joy and mental stimulation. From my own bird-care journey, I’ve learned that safe materials for toys include pine, balsa, birch, and others. Get creative with homemade toys, using safe materials like cardboard or beads from art shops. Just ensure the toys aren’t too overwhelming for your bird, and wooden toys are excellent for keeping their beaks in top shape.

So, based on my personal experience, these steps can truly make a difference in creating a happy space for your feathered friend.

2. Feeding Your Cockatiel

Ensuring your cockatiel gets the right nutrients is vital for its health. Birds, including cockatiels, require a balanced diet with the correct mix of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, and water. Poor nutrition is a common cause of various health issues in these birds.

Recommended Diet

A balanced diet for cockatiels comprises pellets, seeds, fruits, and vegetables. Once your cockatiel hits about 6 months, it’s advised to have around 60% pellets, 25% seed mix, and 15% fresh fruits, vegetables, grasses, and treats.


Pelleted bird food is ideal for cockatiels and comes in various shapes, sizes, and colors from different brands.


Seeds are a natural part of a bird’s diet, offering essential carbohydrates. However, relying solely on seeds can be problematic due to their natural fat content. While cockatiels need some fatty acids for skin development, it should be in moderation.

Fruits and Vegetables

Daily servings of fresh vegetables keep cockatiels happy and healthy. Fruits, being high in sugar, should be given 2-3 times a week. Dark leafy and orange vegetables are particularly beneficial.

Transitioning from Seed to Pellet Diet

Moving your cockatiel from seeds to pellets can be gradual. Begin by replacing 10% of seeds with pellets and increase this substitution by 10% weekly. In a few weeks, your cockatiel should comfortably shift to a pellet-based diet.

Foods to Avoid and Feeding Precautions

Certain foods are harmful to cockatiels, including chocolate, avocado, onions, garlic, spoiled seeds, mushrooms, alcohol, salt, honey, high sodium and high sugar foods, caffeine, dried or uncooked beans, rhubarb, and products with xylitol like some peanut butter. These can lead to serious health issues or even death. Shellfish should also be avoided due to bacterial contamination. Additionally, grit or sandpaper-type cage liners/perches can cause digestive problems.

Always aim to enhance your bird’s diet by staying informed about bird nutrition and using common sense. Regularly consult your veterinarian for guidance on your cockatiel’s nutrition.

3. Interaction and Play

Cockatiels, like all parrots, need daily interaction and playtime to stay happy and healthy. These clever birds thrive on activity and social engagement, requiring entertainment to stave off boredom.

Importance of Daily Interaction and Playtime

Regular interaction and playtime are vital for the mental and physical well-being of cockatiels. Building a bond between the bird and its owner, daily interaction provides essential mental stimulation. Playtime, on the other hand, allows the bird to exercise and explore, promoting its physical health.

Safe Ways to Play with Your Cockatiel

Engaging with your cockatiel can be done safely in various ways:

  1. Talking: Many cockatiels, especially males, can learn to talk. Spending time teaching your bird new words and expressions enhances its conversational skills.
  2. Dancing: Cockatiels have a sense of rhythm and can learn to dance. Holding your bird on your finger and moving your hand to the beat while singing, humming, or whistling provides enjoyable entertainment.
  3. Whistling: Teaching your cockatiel to whistle adds a fun, interactive dimension. Once it masters whistling, your bird can create its own music and enjoy dancing in its cage.
  4. Playing with Toys: Cockatiels love to chew, so offering bird-safe toys helps divert them from destructive chewing. Rotating toys every few days keeps the bird interested and engaged.
  5. Sharing Mealtimes: Sharing meals with your cockatiel builds a bond similar to the flock dynamic in the wild. This strengthens the trust between your pet bird and your family.

Remember, always supervise playtime to ensure your bird’s safety and well-being. These activities not only keep your cockatiel entertained but also contribute to a happy and healthy feathered friend.

4. Training Your Cockatiel

Training your cockatiel is a crucial aspect of your bond with it. Not only does it help in curbing undesirable behaviors and making your bird easier to handle, but it’s also a delightful way to engage and spend time together.

When training your cockatiel, offering immediate rewards for good behavior is vital. For instance, if your bird does something you want, like stepping onto your finger, promptly reward it.

Choose a well-lit, bright, and quiet room free of distractions for training sessions. Make these sessions enjoyable to hold your bird’s interest. You can even teach your cockatiel entertaining tricks that build on its natural behaviors, such as turning around on cue, shaking hands, or walking across a tightrope.

Remember, patience and consistency are key during training. Learning new behaviors might take time for your bird, but with persistent efforts, you can teach your cockatiel an array of tricks and commands. So, enjoy the process, and watch your relationship with your feathered friend flourish through positive training experiences.

5. Health and Wellness

Cockatiels, much like other pet birds, can face various health challenges. Common issues include respiratory diseases from bacteria like Chlamydophila psittaci, gastrointestinal yeast infections, obesity, fatty liver disease, and reproductive problems such as egg-related issues and tumors. Other concerns encompass sneezing, breathing difficulties, eye problems, metal poisoning, incoordination, and intestinal parasites.

Detecting signs of illness or distress in cockatiels can be tricky, as birds instinctively hide weakness. However, watch out for changes in appearance, vocalization, eating habits, weight, weakness, drooping wings, distended abdomen, and behavior alterations.

Additional indicators include unusual tame behavior, lumps, sore feet, lameness, and changes in droppings. Regular vet visits are vital for cockatiels, involving annual check-ups, physical exams, grooming, and lab tests.

These visits help identify and address health, nutritional, and behavioral issues, ensuring a healthy relationship between you and your feathered friend. Regular vet care is key to prevention and maintaining your bird’s well-being.

6. Grooming Your Cockatiel

Caring for your cockatiel’s grooming is vital for its overall health and happiness, involving three main aspects: nail trimming, wing feather clipping, and regular bathing.

Bathing Routine: Regular bathing is essential for cockatiels to prevent dry skin, soften new feathers, and reduce the production of feather dust, which can be harmful if inhaled. You can let your cockatiel clean itself in a shallow dish with lukewarm, chlorine-free water, run water over it, or mist it with a spray bottle. The bathing frequency varies from bird to bird, so observe your cockatiel’s preferences.

Before bathing, ensure your bird’s wings are clipped to prevent any unexpected flights. Also, secure the environment to ensure your bird’s safety.

Nail and Wing Feather Maintenance: Trimming your cockatiel’s nails and wing feathers is part of grooming, but it’s advisable to seek professional help due to the precision and understanding of the bird’s anatomy required. If you choose to do it yourself, exercise extreme caution to avoid cutting too much, as it could harm the blood vessels in the nails or damage the feathers.

These grooming practices contribute to your cockatiel’s overall well-being. A consistent routine, observation of your bird’s behavior, and careful execution of grooming tasks ensure a healthy and happy feathered companion.


Taking proper care of your cockatiel is essential for its overall health and happiness. This involves understanding their behavior, creating a suitable environment, providing a balanced diet, ensuring regular interaction and play, and maintaining their health through grooming.

Recognize that each cockatiel is unique, and their care requirements may vary. Ongoing learning and improvement in your cockatiel care practices are crucial for a fulfilling and enriching experience for both you and your feathered companion. 

Stay observant, continuously educate yourself, and adapt to your cockatiel’s needs. Doing so will foster a relationship with a healthy, joyful, and interactive companion.






  • Ali Shahid

    Ali Shahid is a veterinarian by profession and an animal lover. He loves to give expert opinions about different animals. He has worked in top organization of birds like Bigbird Feed and Poultry Research institute. He loves birds, especially parrots and has great experience in different parrot farms.

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