How to Train a Parrot? (Expert Guide)

Last Updated on December 24, 2023 by Ali Shahid

Educating parrots goes beyond merely instructing them to imitate human speech or perform entertaining tricks. It plays a vital role in ensuring their overall well-being by fostering a strong connection between the owner and the parrot, providing companionship, and promoting good health. Parrots, renowned for their impressive intelligence comparable to primates, exhibit advanced problem-solving abilities, articulate their needs, and grasp abstract concepts such as zero.

Training capitalizes on these cognitive strengths, delivering mental stimulation and a channel for effective communication that significantly enhances the quality of life for these captivating creatures. Whether you’re an experienced bird owner or contemplating adopting your first feathered companion, mastering the art of parrot training is a fundamental aspect of responsible and fulfilling parrot care.

How to Train a Parrot?

Understanding Parrot Behavior

Parrots exhibit various behaviors, such as feeding, bathing, and climbing, which are easily understandable. However, some actions require a deeper understanding to interpret the parrot’s communication. Take, for example, the diverse uses of their beaks, from grinding to clicking, jousting, and wiping, each conveying a distinct message. Biting, indicative of aggression, defensiveness, or fear, necessitates comprehension to prevent harm.

These highly social birds utilize different calls for communication and rely on eye contact and body language to express their emotions. Their empathetic nature enables them to pick up on their owners’ moods and energy, displaying a level of emotional intelligence akin to that of a toddler, making them possessive, playful, and intelligent. This understanding of parrot behavior is paramount for effective training.

Training not only fortifies the bond between owner and parrot but also contributes to companionship, improved health, and overall well-being. Opting for operant conditioning and positive reinforcement is both effective and humane, empowering the parrot, offering them choices, and establishing a positive, trusting relationship. It’s crucial to recognize that parrots behave based on what they’ve learned works for them, and being good caregivers means taking responsibility for teaching them to thrive in our environment.

Basic Commands for Parrots


Initiate the training process with the fundamental “step-up” command, which serves as the cornerstone of parrot instruction. Follow these steps for effective teaching:

  1. Choose a concise and emphatic command, such as “Step up.”
  2. Conduct training sessions when your bird is fully attentive, preferably in a neutral, distraction-free room.
  3. Position your hand above the bird’s feet and issue the “Step up” command. Should the bird hesitate, gently press on its abdomen or entice with a treat in your alternate hand.


Master the “step-down” command to facilitate the safe transition of your parrot from your hand to various surfaces. Execute the following steps:

  1. Once your bird willingly steps up on your hand, prompt it to “step down” onto perches, the cage, or other surfaces near your hand.
  2. Reward your bird with a treat upon successful placement and shower it with praise and encouragement.


Impart the crucial “stay” command to ensure your parrot remains on designated perches or play gyms for safety and order. Employ these training steps:

  1. Introduce engaging elements like toys or foraging activities to keep your bird occupied.
  2. Gradually extend the intervals between your calls or interactions.
  3. If your bird tends to move, assertively state, “Stay!” and reward compliance.

Go Home:

Incorporate the “go home” command to coax your bird willingly back into its cage. Follow these steps:

  1. Utilize a straightforward stick or perch as a cue for returning to the cage.
  2. Present the stick before your bird, instructing it to “step up.”
  3. Once the bird complies and steps onto the stick, guide it to the cage, encouraging it to step down onto a perch or the cage floor.

Teaching Parrots Tricks

Teaching tricks to parrots can be a rewarding experience for both the bird and the trainer. It not only provides mental stimulation for the bird but also helps in building a positive bond between the two.

Importance of Teaching Tricks for Bonding and Mental Stimulation

Teaching tricks to parrots is beneficial for several reasons:

  • Bonding: Teaching tricks can help build a positive bond between the trainer and the bird. It provides a fun source of interaction and helps establish a trusting relationship.
  • Mental Stimulation: Parrots are highly intelligent animals. Learning new tricks provides them with mental stimulation, which can prevent boredom and promote their overall well-being.

Tips for Teaching Tricks

Training parrots to perform tricks can be a fulfilling endeavor, fostering a positive connection between the bird and the trainer while offering mental stimulation. This engagement is not only enjoyable but also contributes to the overall well-being of the parrot.

The significance of teaching tricks for bonding and mental stimulation cannot be overstated:

  1. Bonding: Tricks serve as a delightful avenue for interaction, enhancing the bond between the trainer and the parrot. The shared activity promotes trust and establishes a positive relationship.
  2. Mental Stimulation: Parrots, known for their intelligence, benefit from learning new tricks as it provides mental stimulation, preventing boredom and supporting their overall mental health.

Here are some practical tips to consider when teaching tricks:

  • Choose a Neutral Spot: Opt for a location away from the parrot’s cage and distractions to ensure focused training.
  • Keep Sessions Short: Acknowledge the parrot’s limited attention span by keeping training sessions brief and concluding them when signs of disinterest arise.
  • Use Treats: Leverage treats as powerful motivators during training, reinforcing positive behavior.

Now, let’s delve into the detailed steps for teaching the “wave” trick:

1. Step-Up Mastery: Ensure your parrot has a consistent step-up command, where it comfortably steps onto your finger or a perch.

2. Introduce the Wave Command: When the parrot is stationary on the perch, say “wave!” and present your finger for a step-up.

3. Encourage the Wave: As the bird raises a foot to step up, gently move your finger away. The parrot’s raised foot becomes the cue to praise its cleverness and offer a treat.

4. Repeat: Practice the routine, gradually advancing the training as your parrot allows. With patience and consistency, the prompt word “wave!” will prompt the desired foot-lifting behavior.

Remember, success in parrot training hinges on patience and consistency. Mastery of a new trick may require several sessions, so approach the process with persistence and a positive attitude.

Positive Reinforcement Training

Positive reinforcement training is a method that harnesses rewards to encourage desired behaviors. In the realm of parrot training, it entails offering the birds something enjoyable, like a treat or attention, as a reward for exhibiting positive behavior. This approach proves effective as it instills motivation in the bird to repeat the actions, leading to the reward.

The Three E’s – Effectiveness, Ethics, and Empowerment – commonly employed in dog training, are equally applicable to parrot training:

  1. Effectiveness: This gauges how well the training method achieves the desired behavior. Positive reinforcement stands out for its efficacy, utilizing potent motivators like rewards. The bird swiftly associates favorable behavior with the reward, resulting in increased repetition.
  2. Ethics: Ethics in training pertain to moral considerations. Positive reinforcement earns ethical acclaim by eschewing punishment or negative reinforcement, which could induce stress or fear in the bird. Instead, it employs compassionate and gentle strategies to foster desired behavior and diminish undesired actions.
  3. Empowerment: Empowerment involves granting the bird control over its outcomes. Positive reinforcement teaches the bird that its behavior can earn desired outcomes, fostering increased confidence and a deeper bond between the bird and its trainer.

The importance of positive reinforcement in parrot training is multifaceted:

  • Behavior Modification: It aids in modifying undesired behaviors and promoting desired ones. For instance, a bird exhibiting a gentle step-up can be rewarded, motivating a repetition of the behavior.
  • Mental Stimulation: Positive reinforcement introduces mental stimulation, crucial for highly intelligent parrots as they learn new behaviors.
  • Bond Strengthening: The practice reinforces the bond between the trainer and the bird, fostering trust and cooperation, thereby enhancing handling experiences.
  • Health and Well-being: Positive reinforcement extends to medical care cooperation, such as nail trims or beak checks, contributing to the bird’s overall health and well-being.

In essence, comprehending and implementing positive reinforcement in parrot training holds significance for behavior modification, mental stimulation, bond strengthening, and overall health.

Avoiding Common Training Mistakes

Training parrots can be a truly fulfilling endeavor, but success hinges on steering clear of potential pitfalls. Let’s delve into common missteps in parrot training and effective strategies to sidestep them:

Neglecting Reinforcement of Desired Behavior: It’s a mistake not to reinforce positive actions like stepping up or targeting promptly. Solution? Ensure timely reinforcement using treats, praise, or other positive stimuli to bolster favorable behavior.

Setting Unrealistic Expectations: Creating expectations that are too high can result in frustration and ineffective training. What’s the fix? Acknowledge each parrot’s distinctiveness, establish realistic goals, and maintain patience throughout the training process.

Training a Newly Purchased Bird Right Away: Attempting to train or handle a recently acquired bird immediately may induce stress and resistance. The remedy? Allow the bird time to acclimate to its new surroundings before diving into training sessions, fostering a more receptive attitude.

Overlooking Fundamentals: Skipping fundamental behaviors like stepping up before progressing to intricate tricks is a mistake. What’s the solution? Lay a sturdy foundation by prioritizing basics, ensuring mastery of crucial behaviors before delving into advanced training.

Excessive Use of Rewards: Dishing out too many treats during training can breed confusion and frustration when rewards are scaled back. How to address this? Use treats judiciously, providing small portions to sustain motivation without creating unrealistic expectations.


Training parrots play a vital role in ensuring their overall well-being. Beyond fostering a strong connection between owners and parrots, it contributes to companionship, improves their health, and provides mental stimulation. To effectively train these colorful companions, one must grasp parrot behavior, impart basic commands, utilize positive reinforcement, teach tricks, and steer clear of common training pitfalls.

The process of training parrots demands a blend of patience, consistency, and a profound understanding of their distinctive behaviors and requirements. Recognizing the individuality of each parrot is paramount, as they respond differently to training efforts. Thus, it becomes essential to establish realistic expectations and maintain patience throughout the training journey. Over time, coupled with consistent positive reinforcement, you can guide your parrot to acquire new behaviors and tricks, contributing to a happier and healthier avian companion.

Keep in mind that the training expedition should be enjoyable and rewarding for both you and your feathered friend. Embrace the journey, exercise patience, and relish the experience of strengthening your bond with your parrot through the art of training.


  • Ali Shahid

    Ali Shahid is a veterinarian by profession and an animal lover. He loves to give expert opinions about different animals. He has worked in top organization of birds like Bigbird Feed and Poultry Research institute. He loves birds, especially parrots and has great experience in different parrot farms.

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