Can Parrots Fly? (A Comprehensive Guide)

Last Updated on March 21, 2024 by Ali Shahid

Parrots are a diverse group of birds, with 372 different species like the grey parrot, macaw, and monk parakeet. They are known for their bright colors and diverse behavioral characteristics and are easy to spot in their natural homes. Parrots are quite clever among birds, and their brain development is quite similar to humans.

They can copy many sounds with their advanced vocal cords and often sound like humans. For instance, the African Grey Parrot can learn about 1,000 words. A common question about parrots’ behavior is: Can parrots fly? Yes, parrots can fly, and they’re quite good at it. But not all parrots can fly, like the Kākāpō, which is the world’s largest parrot and can’t fly.

Can Parrots Fly?

Physiological Basis of Bird Flight

Parrots are exceptional flyers due to their distinct physical features. An article from the National Center for Biotechnology Information explains that bird flight relies on specific adaptations:

1.   Feathers: Feathers are crucial for flying. They create lift, reduce air resistance, and help birds control their body temperature.

2.   Wings: Wings are another vital aspect of bird flight. They’re shaped to provide lift and are managed by strong muscles.

3.   Respiratory System: Birds have a unique respiratory system that efficiently extracts oxygen from the air, surpassing mammals in this aspect.

4.   Skeletal System: Bird skeletons are both lightweight and sturdy, enhancing their efficiency in flight.

5.   Muscular System: Birds possess robust muscles specialized for flight. These muscles generate substantial force to power their wings.

How long does it take for a parrot to fly?

Parrots, whether they are born in the wild or kept as pets, have a natural urge to fly. Their bodies, including their brains, bones, muscles, and organs, are designed for flying. The time it takes for a parrot to learn to fly can vary depending on factors like the parrot’s breed, age, stage of development, and past experiences.

For instance, teaching an adult parrot to fly can be quite challenging, and some older parrots may struggle due to past negative experiences, or it might take them several years to regain their flying abilities.

On the other hand, if a parrot is allowed to learn to fly during its natural developmental phase, including practicing take-offs, landings, and turns from different perches, and then has its flight feathers clipped temporarily, it’s more likely to regain its flying skills when those feathers grow back.

Smaller parrots like Budgies or Parakeets can typically fly on their own at around 4-5 weeks of age, although they may be a bit clumsy at first. In contrast, larger parrots like macaws may take 4-5 months to learn to fly since they need more time to wean and develop their flying abilities after leaving the nest.

How to Teach a Parrot to Fly?

Teaching a parrot how to fly is crucial for their overall physical and mental well-being. Whether you have a young parrot that hasn’t yet learned to fly or an adult parrot that needs to reacquire this skill, the following steps can guide you through the process:

1.   Create the Right Environment: Make sure you have a safe and roomy space where your parrot can practice flying. Remove any potential dangers and provide various perches at different heights to encourage exploration.

2.   Establish Trust and Positive Encouragement: Use positive reinforcement methods like treats, praise, and clicker training to build a strong connection with your parrot. This will make them more willing to learn and follow your instructions.

3.   Perch Training: Begin by teaching your parrot to step onto your hand or a designated perch on command. Gradually increase the distance between you and the perch to encourage them to jump and use their wings.

4.   Flight Training: Once your parrot is comfortable with perch training, introduce short flights. Use a target stick or your hand as a guide for them to follow while encouraging them to flap their wings and move toward the target.

5.   Recall Training: Teach your parrot to return to you in flight on command, using positive reinforcement. Gradually increase the distance between you and the bird. This skill is crucial for their safety and your ability to manage them during flight.

6.   Consistency and Patience: Consistently practice short flight sessions, increasing the duration and distance as your parrot gains confidence in their flying abilities. Patience is essential throughout the training process.

Which Parrot Can not Fly?

The parrot that cannot fly is the kākāpō, which is the world’s only flightless parrot. The kākāpō has relatively short wings for its size and lacks the keel on the sternum (breastbone), where the flight muscles of other birds attach. It uses its wings for balance and to break its fall when leaping from trees.

Can Parrots Migrate?

Yes, parrots do migrate. Migratory instincts are known to exist in some parrot species. However, not all parrots migrate, and the ones that do have different migration patterns. For example, the Arctic tern has the longest migration of any bird in the world, flying more than 49,700 miles in a year. On the other hand, some parrots are known to stay in one place throughout the year.

How Fast Can Parrots Fly?

It has been estimated that parrots can fly at speeds between 81 and 200 mph. However, the speed at which a parrot can fly depends on the species. For example, the great snipe is the fastest bird, flying around 4,200 miles at speeds of up to 60mph.

Can a Parrot Fly Away?

Parrots can fly away if given the opportunity, even if they are well-trained and bonded with their owners. However, this can be prevented. It is common for parrots to have their wings clipped in order to prevent them from flying.

Others are trained to be recalled so that they can be released for free flight and will return to their owners when called. Additionally, parrots that are taken outside can be put on a harness, placed in an aviary, or kept in a cage to prevent them from flying away.

If a parrot does fly away, there is a chance that it may come back home, especially if it is a social animal and considers its owner to be part of its flock. However, parrots that fly away can travel long distances and may not be able to find their way back home. It is important to take steps to prevent parrots from flying away and to be prepared in case they do.


The parrot, with its vibrant colors and remarkable intelligence, is an extraordinary bird designed for flight. Their unique adaptations, including feathers, wings, and a specialized respiratory system, enable them to soar gracefully through the skies.

While the ability to fly varies among parrot species, it’s a vital aspect of their well-being. Teaching a parrot to fly involves creating a safe environment, building trust, and using positive reinforcement.

However, it’s important to note that not all parrots can fly; the kākāpō is the world’s only flightless parrot due to its physical attributes. Parrots’ flying speeds vary, and precautions must be taken to prevent them from flying away, as their homing instincts may not always bring them back.


  • Ali Shahid

    Ali Shahid is a veterinarian by profession and an animal lover. He loves to give expert opinions about different animals. He has worked in top organization of birds like Bigbird Feed and Poultry Research institute. He loves birds, especially parrots and has great experience in different parrot farms.

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