Conure Bleeding Syndrome (Vet’s Guide)

Last Updated on March 12, 2024 by Ali Shahid

Conure bleeding syndrome (CBS) is a potentially fatal condition that affects pet conures. It’s caused by an abnormal increase in the production of vitamin K and can be difficult to diagnose due to its wide range of symptoms.

Conure bleeding syndrome has become increasingly common in recent years, leading many bird owners to wonder what they should do if their pet develops this condition. Fortunately, there are ways to help treat CBS before it becomes too severe.

I will look at some of these options so you can get your beloved conure back on track quickly and safely.

What Is Conure Bleeding Syndrome?

Conure Bleeding Syndrome (CBS) is a rare and life-threatening bleeding disorder that affects certain species of conures, including blue-crowned, green-cheeked, mustached, nanday, peach-fronted, and sun conures. 

The exact cause of CBS remains unknown but it may be related to an inherited genetic mutation or a low platelet count.

Causes Of Conure Breeding Syndrome

Transitioning from the previous section, Conure Bleeding Syndrome (CBS) is a condition in which conures suffer from unexplained bleeding. This syndrome is not limited to any one species or breed of parrot and can affect birds of all sizes and ages.

To understand this disorder better, it’s important to know what causes CBS. A nutritional deficiency is likely a contributing factor to conure bleeding syndrome. Excessive bleeding may be caused by a lack of calcium, vitamin D3, and potassium.

Retroviruses can also cause or contribute, the most well-known example being HIV. In retroviruses, the viral RNA becomes DNA instead of DNA converting to RNA.

Symptoms of Conure Breeding Syndrom

CBS symptoms are similar to lead toxicosis and heavy metal poisoning that include:

  • Feather picking
  • Depression
  • Behavior changes
  • Seizures
  • Shallow breathing
  • Lack of muscle control
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Increased thirst and urination
  • Green or bloody diarrhea
Blood deficiency syndrome symptoms include:
Recurrent bleeding episodes
Internal bleeding
Loss of balance
Sudden death

How to Diagnose Conure Breeding Syndrome

As the adage goes, “An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.” When it comes to conure bleeding syndrome (CBS), diagnosis and early treatment are essential to prevent long-term health issues.

Diagnosing CBS requires careful observation and examination by an experienced avian veterinarian:

  1. A complete physical exam should be done on the bird, paying special attention to body weight, temperature, blood pressure, and pulse rate.

2. Blood tests should also be conducted to detect any underlying medical condition or infection that could have caused CBS.

3. X-rays may also be taken to evaluate any changes in bone structure that can occur from chronic disease processes associated with CBS.

4. Finally, endoscopy or ultrasound may be necessary for further evaluation of internal organs or tissues affected by this disorder.

Using the results of these tests and their expertise, your veterinarian will determine whether your pet conure suffers from CBS and recommend appropriate treatment options.

Treatments for Conure Breeding Syndrome

There are sometimes fatal consequences associated with conure bleeding syndrome. However, if immediate veterinary care is given, some birds survive the condition. 

There are a variety of treatment options available, including injections of calcium, vitamins K, and D3.

Treatments for CBS can vary depending on the severity of symptoms and underlying causes. Many cases require supportive care such as pain relief, controlling inflammation, fluids to prevent dehydration and nutritional support.

One common treatment is antibiotic therapy that targets bacterial infections associated with CBS. Antibiotics may be administered orally or intravenously and often need to be repeated if there are recurrent episodes.

In more severe cases, surgery might become necessary to address any internal organ damage caused by infection or bleeding.

Surgery could involve the removal of dead tissue from a damaged organ or placing sutures across a tear in an organ wall. Additionally, blood transfusions may be required to replace lost red cells or platelets due to a significant amount of bleeding.

Prevention of Conure Bleeding Syndrome

Just as prevention is better than cure, it’s important to take steps to avoid conure bleeding syndrome (CBS) rather than having to treat it.

First and foremost, hygiene should be a top priority when keeping pet parrots. This includes regular cleaning and disinfecting cages and toys, as well as washing hands before handling any bird or its equipment.

Also, owners should keep their avian companions away from other sick birds or wild animals that could spread disease-causing pathogens.

Vitamins and minerals are important components of a conure’s diet. A calcium- and vitamin K-rich diet will give your bird the best chance of preventing CBS.

Ensure that you provide your child with dark, leafy greens and vegetables (such as broccoli), tomatoes, soy oil, and egg yolks. The importance of vitamin D sources for bone health and emotional well-being cannot be overstated.

The best course of action is to consult an avian veterinarian regarding a nutritional plan and follow it carefully. Supplements may be helpful depending on the health of the bird.

However, no supplement should be given without veterinary approval because kidney or liver damage or failure may occur. Do not use Teflon or other non-stick cooking surfaces around your bird

The respiratory system of conures is highly sensitive, and they are incapable of withstanding most types of fumes, including paint fumes.


  • Ali Shahid

    Ali Shahid is a veterinarian by profession and an animal lover. He loves to give expert opinions about different animals. He has worked in top organization of birds like Bigbird Feed and Poultry Research institute. He loves birds, especially parrots and has great experience in different parrot farms.

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