Eclectus Parrot (Complete Specie Profile)

Last Updated on January 25, 2024 by Ali Shahid

Eclectus Parrots, scientifically known as Eclectus roratus, are a standout bird species due to their noticeable differences in appearance based on gender and their vibrant colors. Originating from the lush rainforests of Oceania, these parrots inhabit numerous islands, adding a burst of color to the green canopies. 

The males sport a brilliant green plumage, while the females dazzle in deep red and purple, creating a captivating visual contrast. Enthusiasts and experts praise these parrots for their distinct personalities, ranging from gentleness and affection to a notable intelligence characteristic of their kind.

Eclectus Parrots can be long-term companions, boasting a potential lifespan of up to 50 years. In the United States, the cost of these exotic birds varies widely, ranging from $800 to $3000. This price fluctuation reflects factors such as age, health, and the reputation of the breeder. As we delve deeper into the world of Eclectus Parrots, we will explore their fascinating traits, care needs, and where you can find these beautiful birds in the US.

Eclectus Parrot

General Overview of Eclectus Parrots

AttributeDetail
Common NameEclectus Parrot
Scientific NameEclectus roratus
OriginNative to the Solomon Islands, New Guinea, northeastern Australia, and the Maluku Islands (Moluccas)
SizeTypically 12 to 14 inches (30 to 35 cm) in length
WeightRanges from 300 to 600 grams
ColoringMales are bright green with some blue and red. Females are mostly red with blue and purple.
PersonalityKnown for being social, intelligent, and affectionate. It can be gentle and tranquil but also requires attention and social interaction.
Beginner-FriendlyThey can be suitable for beginners but require a significant amount of care and attention.
Talking AbilityExcellent mimicking abilities; can learn a wide range of words and sounds.
Loudness LevelCan be loud; known for their vocal nature and ability to communicate with various sounds.
Care LevelHigh; they need a varied diet, plenty of social interaction, and mental stimulation.
LifespanCan live up to 30 to 50 years in captivity with proper care.
Price$800 to $3,000 in the US, depending on various factors.
Places to BuyGolden Cockatoo, Omar’s Exotic Birds, Best Parrots Breeder, Solely Solomon Aviaries, Bird Breeders
IUCN StatusNot classified as endangered but faces threats from habitat loss and the pet trade.

Physical Characteristics

Eclectus Parrots are celebrated for their vibrant colors and distinctive, fur-like feathers. These birds exhibit sexual dimorphism, showcasing clear physical differences between males and females. Male Eclectus Parrots boast a predominantly bright green plumage with a yellowish hue on their head and upper body. 

Their wings and tail feature eye-catching blue or red patches, complemented by a bright orange beak. In contrast, female Eclectus Parrots are predominantly bright red and purple/blue, with a black beak and blue eye-rings. The upper side of their tail matches their body’s red hue, while the underside displays a mix of yellow and orange.

In terms of size, Eclectus Parrots are sizable birds, measuring between 12 to 14 inches (30 to 35 cm) in length. The weight of an adult Eclectus varies, ranging from 300 to 600 grams, influenced by the specific subspecies and individual bird’s health.

These parrots have an impressive lifespan, especially under proper care in captivity, reaching up to 30 to 40 years. There have even been instances of Eclectus Parrots living into their 50s. Notably, their feathers contribute to their uniqueness, lacking microscopic structures for a glossy appearance. Instead, their feathers absorb more light, resulting in a distinctive matte, fur-like look, setting them apart from many other bird species.

Behavior and Temperament

Eclectus Parrots are renowned for their friendly, intelligent, gentle, and caring demeanor. These highly social birds establish strong bonds with their human caretakers and are known for their remarkable vocal abilities, including mimicking human speech and various sounds.

In terms of behavior and temperament, Eclectus Parrots are generally calm and gentle, showcasing an affectionate nature and quick problem-solving skills. Their social and affectionate disposition becomes evident as they enjoy spending time with their human family members, relishing petting and cuddling. Despite their sociable nature, they also value personal space and alone time for relaxation.

Their vocal prowess is a notable trait, allowing them to communicate through mimicked sounds and body language. Fluffing their feathers when excited or happy, or bobbing their heads when seeking attention, are ways Eclectus Parrots express themselves.

In interactions with humans, these parrots get along well and form strong bonds, relishing affection. However, they also require moments of solitude for rest. When it comes to other pets, a gradual introduction is crucial, with close supervision. While Eclectus Parrots can coexist with other pets, they may be cautious around larger or more active animals. Ensuring that household pets are not aggressive or predatory is essential for a harmonious environment.

Diet and Nutrition

Ensuring a varied diet is paramount for the well-being of Eclectus parrots. Their optimal nutrition comes from a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, constituting 60-80% of their overall intake. This diverse diet is crucial, providing essential nutrients and vitamins necessary for their health, mirroring what they would naturally consume in the wild.

The recommended food ratios for Eclectus parrots include 60% fresh fruits and vegetables, 20% sprouted seeds, legumes, and pulses, and the remaining 20% as a mix, including a ‘hot meal.’ Emphasizing more vegetables than fruits is essential due to the high sugar content in fruits. A balanced diet should be low in fat, and high in fiber, incorporating a variety of green plant material, nutritious fruits, and healthy nuts.

Certain foods should be avoided to safeguard the sensitive digestive system of Eclectus parrots. Foods with added vitamins, high fat, or sugar can adversely impact their health. It’s crucial to steer clear of avocados, chocolate, caffeine, alcohol, and high-fat or salty foods, which can be toxic or unhealthy. Seeds, despite being part of their diet, should be limited due to their high fat content.

Particular attention should be given to Vitamin A, as Eclectus parrots have heightened requirements for this essential nutrient. A deficiency in Vitamin A can lead to various health issues, including skin and feather problems, as well as reproductive issues. To meet their needs, a diet rich in beta-carotene from dark leafy greens and orange vegetables like carrots and sweet potatoes is recommended.

Care and Maintenance

Creating a suitable environment for Eclectus Parrots involves meeting their housing needs and providing environmental enrichment. These large parrots require a spacious cage, at least 3 feet by 2 feet by 4 feet, equipped with sturdy, varying-diameter perches made of stainless steel for durability and easy cleaning. 

Placing the cage in a quiet, well-lit area away from drafts and extreme temperatures, where the parrot can engage in family activities, is crucial due to their social nature. Environmental enrichment is vital for their mental well-being. Offering a range of toys, including foraging, chewing, puzzles, and interactive toys, can keep them engaged. 

Rotating these toys regularly and providing diverse perches like rope, wood, and heated perches adds to their enrichment. Ensuring both mental and physical health, Eclectus Parrots need 2-3 hours of out-of-cage time daily for exercise and social interaction. Activities like climbing, wing-beating, and games contribute to their physical well-being. Mental stimulation involves puzzles, lessons, and varied toy options.

Despite their robust nature, Eclectus Parrots are susceptible to various health concerns such as behavioral problems, respiratory issues, low calcium levels, circovirus, fungal diseases, and infections. Recognizing signs of illness, like changes in behavior or physical appearance, is crucial. 

Regular veterinary check-ups every six to 12 months help identify issues early, ensuring a healthy and enduring relationship between the owner and the bird. These check-ups include a history review, diet assessment, basic physical exam, and recommended blood testing and fecal exams for disease and infection detection.

Pros and Cons of Eclectus Parrots

ProsCons
Known for their intelligence and quick learning abilitiesThey need a specific diet and are not suitable for pellet feeding
Generally less noisy compared to other parrot speciesThey can become loud or scream when frightened or excited
Possess the ability to develop a wide vocabulary and imitate different voicesThey are susceptible to stress and feather plucking
They are social, affectionate, and enjoy human interactionTheir interaction is often on their own terms
They are not prone to excessive bitingTheir beak can be very sharp and potentially cause injury
Capable of self-entertainment and are not overly demandingThey need a lot of stimulation and a variety of toys
Suitable for apartment living due to their less noisy natureThey can be sensitive to chaotic environments or constant loud noises
Males are generally more gentle and caringFemales can be territorial, especially during the breeding season
They can live up to 30 years, making them long-term companionsTheir long lifespan requires a lifelong commitment
Renowned for their beautiful, vibrant colorsFemales can be territorial, especially during breeding season
Can adapt to a routine from an early ageAbrupt changes in routine can be disruptive
Not prone to one-person bonding, making them suitable for familiesThey can become very attached to their humans, which can lead to confusion in the relationship
They require more vitamin A than other parrot species, which can be beneficial if diet is properly managedA poor diet can lead to health issues like screaming, toe-tapping, wing flipping, aggression, plucking, anxiety, and exaggerated breeding behavior
They can be good with children, though they will not tolerate frantic activity or constant disturbing noiseThey may not be suitable pets for young children
They can be very affectionate petsMales can be clingy
They can make very affectionate pets and are one of the easier to “tame”They can be perceived as dull or boring when just observing the world

Breeding and Reproduction

Eclectus Parrots typically reach sexual maturity between three to five years old. In the wild, they might not start breeding until around 7-10 years old, but in captivity, they tend to mature more quickly. Domestic pairs may start breeding at three years old, although four years or older is more common. These parrots, known for their monogamous nature, form lifelong bonds with their mates and are selective in choosing compatible partners for successful breeding.

On average, Eclectus Parrots lay 2-3 eggs per clutch and are known to breed throughout the year, influenced by environmental factors and location. In the wild, eggs are often laid between late April and late May, with nestlings appearing from late May to early July. However, in captivity, breeding is influenced by the parrots’ sense of security, privacy, and external conditions like daylight length.

What sets Eclectus Parrots apart is their extreme sexual dimorphism. Males are bright green, while females display vibrant red and purple hues. This striking difference in coloration initially led to the belief that they were separate species. During breeding, the female incubates the eggs and stays in the nest, while the male takes on the responsibility of feeding both the female and the chicks.

Parental care is a shared responsibility in Eclectus Parrots. The female incubates eggs and cares for the young in the nest, while the male ensures a steady supply of food. The chicks, born in a helpless state, rely heavily on their parents for around 11 weeks until they fledge. Even after fledging, young parrots remain dependent on their parents for several more weeks until they learn to forage for food independently.

Conservation Status

The Eclectus Parrot, though not currently classified as endangered, faces risks from factors like habitat loss and the pet trade. The demand for these vibrant birds as pets can lead to overharvesting and illegal trafficking, impacting their wild populations. Habitat loss due to human expansion further threatens their survival by depriving them of essential resources.

Keeping Eclectus Parrots as pets is rewarding but comes with challenges. Their intelligence and vibrant colors require a substantial time commitment from owners. Daily interaction, a balanced diet, and a clean, hazard-free environment are crucial for their well-being. Behavioral issues like screaming or feather plucking may arise due to stress or boredom, emphasizing the need for social interaction, mental stimulation, and, if necessary, veterinary or behavioral consultation.

Socialization and training play a vital role in keeping Eclectus Parrots content. Regular interaction with owners, training sessions using positive reinforcement, and exposure to various environments help strengthen the bond between the bird and its owner. While challenges exist, understanding and addressing these aspects contribute to a fulfilling and healthy relationship with these captivating birds.

Eclectus Parrot for Sale and Price

In the United States, the average price range for an Eclectus Parrot is between $800 and $3,000. This cost can vary based on factors like the bird’s age, sex, color, and the breeder’s reputation. It’s essential to consider additional expenses such as cages, food, toys, and veterinary care, which can significantly contribute to the overall cost of owning an Eclectus Parrot.

For those interested in purchasing an Eclectus Parrot, several options are available in the US:

  1. Golden Cockatoo: A bird store situated in Deerfield Beach, Florida, offering various bird species, including Eclectus Parrots.
  2. Omar’s Exotic Birds: With multiple locations in California, this bird store provides a diverse selection of bird species.
  3. Best Parrots Breeder: Located in Miami, Florida, this breeder specializes in hand-raised parrots.
  4. Solely Solomon Aviaries: A Los Angeles, California-based breeder specializing in Eclectus Parrots.
  5. Bird Breeders: An online platform where various breeders list their birds for sale, including Eclectus Parrots.

When purchasing a parrot, it’s crucial to choose a reputable breeder who treats their animals well. Visiting the breeder or store in person is recommended to assess the conditions in which the birds are kept and ensure a responsible and ethical acquisition.

Conclusion

It’s a delight and a responsibility to have an Eclectus Parrot as a companion. Renowned for their intelligence, sociability, and remarkable ability to mimic human speech, these vibrant birds make captivating companions. However, their ownership demands committed care, encompassing a balanced diet, mental stimulation, and routine veterinary evaluations. 

While the average price of an Eclectus Parrot in the United States can vary, potential owners should also consider the enduring costs associated with providing quality care for these birds, given their potential lifespan of 40 years or more.

The significance of well-informed and dedicated care for Eclectus Parrots cannot be emphasized enough. Their overall well-being hinges on factors such as the quality of their diet, the extent of mental and physical stimulation they receive, and the regularity of health check-ups. Additionally, these parrots form profound bonds with their human caretakers, underscoring the necessity of a long-term commitment to their care.

Author

  • Dr. Anees Ashraf

    He is a veterinarian by profession currently working in a vet clinic. He loves to treat and breed parrots to produce different mututions.

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